Nature as it is a great learning atmosphere. This is and should be viewed in different school of thoughts. The best way forward is not to deny any view in relation to the environment. Every discipline has in a way or the other always depended on Nature for their sustainability. The Natural environment then has a wide impact in Education.
In general, it is now becoming a prerequisite in every aspect of our lives to consider nature and environment. All major sectors of the economy are interconnected by nature and none can work without the other. Outdoor education programs of today are considerably more “environmentally conscious” or “eco-friendly” than other aspect of living. No school or college is leaving the subject of nature or environment in their syllabus. But the question as to what exactly outdoor education should be teaching students about the natural world and the human relationship with that world, remains very much up a topic of discussion.
Wilderness and outdoor education are classified into two role:
Pro-Wilderness school of thought: The role of wilderness is viewed as critical and essential to outdoor education; nature itself is believed to have beneficial effects and potentially transformative aspect. It gives people a wider knowledge and understanding of most theories and practical that is only engineered to reflect the subject at hard. Nevertheless nature is not a subdivided sector rather it’s a complete product which must be explained in whole.
Anti-Wilderness: In this area I will highlight the issue of The Anti tourism school of thought. Tourism (read adventure) is regarded as imperialism, it erodes culture, damages the environment, create displacement, trivialized art, brings social evils and other negative effect brought about in the destination chosen as a venue for the adventure education. In other words, outdoor education program effects can largely be replicated in non-wilderness settings using adventure-based principles and non-wilderness based adventure activities.
In view of the above aspects, Outdoor education can be enhanced and its negative effect minimized if the development of education are planned, controlled and managed in accordance to the rule of “Eco-tourism” This according to me can mean education, conservation and organized tourism. Outdoor education should be closely tied to environmental education and those programs should Endeavour to bring participants into a closer and more caring relationship with nature particularly from the Outdoor Education & Nature, environment and Tourism.